US General: US to Finish Off 7 Muslim Countries in 5 Years


AMY GOODMAN: Do you see a replay in what happened in the lead-up to the war with Iraq — the allegations of the weapons of mass destruction, the media leaping onto the bandwagon?

GEN. WESLEY CLARK: Well, in a way. But, you know, history doesn’t repeat itself exactly twice. What I did warn about when I testified in front of Congress in 2002, I said if you want to worry about a state, it shouldn’t be Iraq, it should be Iran. But this government, our administration, wanted to worry about Iraq, not Iran.

I knew why, because I had been through the Pentagon right after 9/11. About 10 days after 9/11, I went through the Pentagon, and I saw Secretary Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary Wolfowitz. I went downstairs just to say hello to some of the people on the Joint Staff who used to work for me, and one of the generals called me in. He said, “Sir, you’ve got to come in and talk to me a second.” I said, “Well, you’re too busy.” He said, “No, no.” He says, “We’ve made the decision we’re going to war with Iraq.” This was on or about the 20th of September. I said, “We’re going to war with Iraq? Why?” He said, “I don’t know.” He said, “I guess they don’t know what else to do.” So I said, “Well, did they find some information connecting Saddam to al-Qaeda?” He said, “No, no.” He says, “There’s nothing new that way. They just made the decision to go to war with Iraq.” He said, “I guess it’s like we don’t know what to do about terrorists, but we’ve got a good military, and we can take down governments.” And he said, “I guess if the only tool you have is a hammer, every problem has to look like a nail.”

So I came back to see him a few weeks later, and by that time we were bombing in Afghanistan. I said, “Are we still going to war with Iraq?” And he said, “Oh, it’s worse than that.” He reached over on his desk. He picked up a piece of paper. And he said, “I just got this down from upstairs” — meaning the secretary of defense’s office — “today.” And he said, “This is a memo that describes how we’re going to take out seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, and then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and, finishing off, Iran.” I said, “Is it classified?” He said, “Yes, sir.” I said, “Well, don’t show it to me.” And I saw him a year or so ago, and I said, “You remember that?” He said, “Sir, I didn’t show you that memo! I didn’t show it to you!”



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If Putin can’t achieve victory on May 9, what will he do? Will he use a small nuke or a chemical weapon?

You have understood that Vladimir Putin wanted to present a great military success to his people on May 9. It is the day of victory for Russia over Nazi Germany.

Since Putin wants to denazify Ukraine, he has to show his people that the war effort and the consequences that the Russian people have to suffer are not useless. For this, Putin intends to show at least that Russia has control over the whole of Donbas and that Mariupol has finally fallen.

Since after 50 days of the war, the generals in charge of military operations had not achieved the success Putin expected, and Putin decided to appoint Aleksandr Dvornikov to head the operation in Ukraine.

Aleksandr Dvornikov is a seasoned general who helped the Russian military achieve full success in Syria in 2015. Russian losses had been more than limited. Putin wants to accelerate and the appointment of Aleksandr Dvornikov is no accident. The latter did not hesitate to use chemical weapons in Syria, and he will do so in Donbas if it is necessary for his eyes to accelerate the surrender of Ukrainians in Donbas.

For Aleksandr Dvornikov, all means are good to achieve his goals. So you can expect the worst by May 9, 2022.

The use of nuclear weapons on Ukraine is excluded for the moment because it would mean vitrifying the Ukrainian territory and the Russian army would be endangered too. Putin will not go in this direction.

On the other hand, you have well understood that the use of chemical weapons in Ukraine was now more than ever topical with the appointment of Aleksandr Dvornikov.

Historically, American Racists Groups grow after Wars

Clashing ideologies about the meaning of democracy in America are no less harrowing than the events of January 6. Journalist Bill Moyers, a 30-time Emmy Award winner, shares his views and concerns in the new PBS documentary “Preserving Democracy,” airing tomorrow. Moyers speaks with Hari Sreenivasan alongside historian Kathleen Belew – who also appears in the film – about the insurrection and the danger of a recurrence.

Professor bellew you have researched extensively
how white power movements in the united
states how they basically intersected
with politics how powerful they’ve been
at times and how
seemingly weak at other times
what is the reason
why there seems to be a resurgence now
so in addition to many contextual
factors that we face today ranging from
covet to economic crisis to black lives
matter protests to all of these things
that act as push factors for activists
to enter these groups we’re also living
through a sort of cyclical relationship
with vigilante and white power activity
if you look back through the long run of
american history the uh peaks in clan
and other groups similar groups um in
pixar memberships align more
consistently with the aftermath of
warfare than they do with any other
more consistently than
they align with poverty immigration
civil rights gains economic distress
populism any other number of
explanations that we might test out
don’t hold up as well as the aftermath
of war

now it turns out that that phenomenon
cuts across simply people who have
served it’s not just about returning
although returning veterans and
active duty troops have played an
outsized role in escalating the violent
capacity of white power groups over time

but what we find is that all of us are
more violent in the aftermath of warfare

that measure goes across men and women
across age across who did and did not
serve in war so there is this moment of
opportunity after warfare that these
groups capitalize on in order to recruit
and radicalize now we are now
in the aftermath of the longest war
our latest longest war as one historian
has called it
the war in afghanistan and what we’ve
seen is a very prolonged sort of combat
where the people
fighting this war have come home
um and been largely not acknowledged
within our culture
we have not watched
coffins draped in american flags coming
home we have not followed the war on
television the way we did in prior
combat so what does that mean are we
going to see a sort of delayed
uh surge that then peaks all at once are
we going to see all of these people come
together in peak we don’t know but
certainly we are in the middle of a
rising ground swell and certainly we are
experiencing one of these historical
bill do you think that
there is
any scenario
the forces from within the united states
to be more powerful in
destroying the union than forces from
by that i mean not just
questioning the veracity of our
suppressing the rights of people to vote
i mean these are these are not things
that an external force is foisting upon
us these are things that we are choosing
right now
the nature of what we consider democracy
one of the
presidents who experienced backlash
grover cleveland wrote a letter to a
friend of his and said the great ship of
like other vessels
may be sunk
by the mutiny of those on board and
that’s where the danger has always been
the shay’s rebellion the secession of of
of the south didn’t come from abroad it
came from people who want to keep
slavery and keep and want to destroy the
union and and we still have we these are
secessionists by other means
and they really don’t like the union i
don’t cover my wall in
nice wallpaper paintings i covered in
clippings i i keep the clippings taped
to the wall and the clippings are
astonishing our constitutional pricing
is already here the shining city on a
hill is ready to ignite america is
closer to civil war than any of us would
like to believe cia advisors says
democracy on the edge on and on
it’s frightening
trump is systematically laying the
groundwork to steal the 2024 election
trump’s next coup has already begun
republicans are erasing decades of
voting rights gains before our eyes in
assaults on democracy state law makers
target the courts georgia republicans
purge democrats from county election
boys we receive these in the media in in
bits and pieces we see them in segments
but they constitute a critical mass of
change determined by people who want
who want to take this country back as
they say take it back from people of
color take it back from progressives
take it back from
advocates of civil rights equal rights
and it’s very very dangerous i think
that’s absolutely right and i wish that
there was a feature on twitter or tiktok
or somewhere where people get their news
um that where it’s just you reading
these headlines because it’s the
aggregation of all of these stories that
really sounds the alarm and you know one
question i get asked a lot because i’m a
specialist in in the violent extremist
part of what we saw on january 6
is about you know relative amounts of
danger but you could subscribe to every
story about say the proud boys and only
be reading a tiny fraction of the
problem because it’s not just that it’s
the entire groundswell of white power
and militant right activity plus the
attack on voting rights plus the chain
of command issues and national guard
units which we’ve also seen and things
like the south dakota governor sending
the national guard
under the funding of a private donor to
do border enforcement um in in ron
desantis call for a non-national guard
state militia quote unquote for florida
and we see those sovereignty struggles
mirrored in groups on the extreme right
that don’t recognize the federal
government or any authority higher than
than the local sheriff we’re at a crisis
point that just boggles understanding i
want to play a clip from the film that
talks about
a coup is still possible let’s take a
january 6 is now a fact of our history
if it was possible to have a failed
coup on january 6th it’s also possible
to have a successful coup it sounds very
simple but it’s a huge change democracy
if it is anything at all
it is losers consent people who lose
and they try again next time
trump still hasn’t really conceded the
2020 election what the 2020 election
revealed was that the rules that govern
this are very loose and very and rely on
norms of self-restraint and forbearance
once you discover how to steal an
election it’s hard to unlearn that
lesson and so that’s why i think looking
forward this is one of the greatest
risks facing our democracy
we have had hearings we’ve had
investigations we’ve had a number dozens
of arrests of people who were involved
absent from that are any of the elected
gave support to this uh helped plan it
what do you think
that says
if there is such a carve out so to speak
professor baloo i’ll start with you
i think this is where we see the sort of
two goals of the process
of accountability really articulated
because we have to pay attention both to
the individuals who committed violence
on january 6
and to the sort of planning mechanisms
accountability questions especially
among our elected officials
my hope is that that is what the january
6th commission will be able to begin to
deliver perhaps the lawsuit
by the attorney general can begin to
deliver some of that information
but what we have to ask is when we have
that information
what kind of dent can we make in the
false narrative that has now been so
circulated in the body politic and i
think this goes back to a bigger
question about the long history of white
supremacy in the united states
we are
by far
not the only nation that struggles with
white supremacy racial violence racial
injustice and incomplete articulations
of democracy there are many other
countries who have faced these issues
but we are very unusual
in how little we have done to have a
real national conversation about that
shared history and you can see this
appearing across the political spectrum
i mean i think even the slogan make
america great again is at its bottom an
argument about history who america is
what america is when we were great can
greatness be achieved again these are
historical arguments that require us to
have an idea of the shared legacies that
we bring into the present moment and
these deep histories of anti-democracy
conflicts about sovereignty and power
all of those conversations have to
happen for all of this
to get resolved because that public
opinion needle can’t move until we
confront some of these problems this is
what i think fuels the division and
polarization that is is the real issue
here well i’m not
a pessimist i’m not giving up on
i i deal with the we all deal with the
bad news the anecdote i don’t know if
it’s true or not but the story is told
that in the middle of the waterloo
campaign uh napoleon said to his uh
his uh his valet if if if if the news
from the front is
good do not wake me if the news from the
front is not good wake me immediately
you want to hear the bad news i want to
hear the bad news that’s why i do the
journalism i do not because i love
dwelling in in the bad news but i
believe in informed people who know the
difference between a lie and the truth
are the are are the people who are going
to save us and that includes republicans
and that includes democrats this
includes independence we need a mass
mobilization to save the constitution if
i if i can put it that way that’s why
this fight that professor lewis so
eloquently written and talked about is
important to recapture the discussion
and debate of history so that we look
and see ourselves for what we’ve done
wrong at the same time we look and see
the brave men and women who fought to
change it and we can imitate them in
many many ways that goes for lawyers it
goes for journalists it goes for
everyday people down where what their
main contribution is to stand in line
and long on a long cold morning and vote
that’s what we need in this country is
to instill to invigorate to challenge
with the whole idea of what democracy is
it’s about us it’s about you and me if
we can do that and see the elements that
are threatening it
we’re going to be
okay the film preserving democracy airs
on pbs stations on january 6th
professor kathleen blue bill moyers
thank you both

US Media was Complicit in Afghanistan Abuse & Failure

In light of the United States’ decision to withdraw from Afghanistan, journalist Steve Coll’s podcast appearance from 2018 shows exactly why the U.S. was always doomed in Afghanistan. Ana Kasparian and Cenk Uygur discuss on The Young Turks. Watch LIVE weekdays 6-8 pm ET.

Costs of War: US, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, etc


The vast economic impact of the post-9/11 wars in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, and elsewhere is poorly understood by the US public and policymakers. This paper estimates the budgetary costs of war, including past expenditures and obligations to care for veterans of these wars throughout their lifetimes.



The number of people killed directly in the violence of the wars in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen and elsewhere are approximated here. Several times as many civilians have died due to the reverberating effects of these wars. The methods of accounting are described in this paper.


37 million people have been displaced by the post-9/11 wars in Afghanstan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Yemen, Somalia and the Philippines.


Checkmate, Lincolnites! Debunking Lost Cause myths – as well as more benign common misconceptions – about the military leadership of the Civil War. Did the South really have all the best battlefield talent? Was the key to Union victory a simple strategy of overwhelming the Confederate army with numbers and resources? Who was better at their job, Ulysses S. Grant or Robert E. Lee? I’d say watch and find out, but the answer is obviously Grant. Support Atun-Shei
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[1] Andy Hall. “With One Hand Tied Behind its Back” (2013). Dead Confederates Blog…
[2] G.S. Boritt. Why the Confederacy Lost (1992). Oxford University Press, Page 39-40
[3] Richard E. Beringer. Why the South Lost the Civil War (1986). University of Georgia Press, Page 8-24
[4] Borritt, Page 24-30
[5] Charles Royster. The Destructive War: William Tecumseh Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, and the Americans (1991). Vintage Civil War Library, Page 76
[6] “Lincoln’s Unsent Letter to General Meade.” American Battlefield Trust…
[7] Eric J. Wittenberg. “A Civil War Witch Hunt: George Gordon Meade, The Retreat from Gettysburg, and the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War” (2015). Emerging Civil War Blog…
[8] Report of the Joint Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, so Far as Regards the Execution of Laws, and the Safety of the Lives and Property of the Citizens of the United States and Testimony Taken (1872).…
[9] Andy Hall. “Nathan Bedford Forrest Joins the Kl@n” (2011). Dead Confederates Blog…
[10] Andy Hall. “Confederate Veterans on Forrest: ‘Unworthy of a Southern Gentleman’ (2013). Dead Confederates Blog…
[11] Edward Bonekemper. Ulysses S. Grant: A Victor, Not a Butcher (2004). Regnery History, Page 89-92
[12] Mary Boykin Chestnut. A Diary of Dixie (1905). D. Appleton and Company, Page 350 [13] Ernest B. Ferguson. “Catching Up With ‘Old Slow Trot’” (2007). Smithsonian Magazine…
[14] Bonekemper, Page xii
[15] Bonekemper, Page 308-309
[16] Bonekemper, Page 192-193
[17] Bonekemper, Page 201-203
[18] Justin D. Murphy. American Civil War: Interpreting Conflict Through Primary Documents, Vol. II (2019). ABC-CLIO, Page 331
[19] Bonekemper, Page 121 & 243-245
[20] Elizabeth Brown Pryor. Reading the Man: A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through his Private Letters (2008) Penguin Books, Page 335
[21] Sean Kane. Myths and Misunderstandings: Grant as a Slaveholder (2017). The American Civil War Museum…
[22] “Letter from Robert E. Lee to Mary Randolph Custis Lee (December 27, 1856).” Encylopedia Virginia…
[23] Pryor, Page 144-150
[24] “Ulysses S. Grant and General Orders No. 11” National Park Service…


Jimmy Carter: US has only enjoyed 16 years of peace in its 242-year history

“Since 1979, do you know how many times China has been at war with anybody?” Carter asked. “None. And we have stayed at war.” The U.S., he noted, has only enjoyed 16 years of peace in its 242-year history, making the country “the most warlike nation in the history of the world,” Carter said. This is, he said, because of America’s tendency to force other nations to “adopt our American principles.”

List of wars involving the United States

18th-century wars

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783)Location: Eastern North AmericaSouthern North AmericaGibraltarIndiaCaribbean Sea, and the Atlantic

The Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776

 United States
Kingdom of France France

Spain Spanish Empire


Watauga Association

 Dutch Republic


 Great Britain
Holy Roman Empire German Auxiliaries


US-allied victory
Cherokee–American wars
(1776–1795)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Old Southwest

Abduction of Daniel Boone’s daughter by the Cherokee

 United States
 Cherokee US-allied victory
Northwest Indian War
(1785–1793)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Northwest Territory

 United States
Western Confederacy


Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain

US-allied victory
(1798–1800)Location: Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean
 United StatesCo-belligerent:
 Great Britain
France France Convention of 1800
  • Peaceful cessation of Franco-American alliance
  • End of French privateer attacks on American shipping
  • American neutrality and renunciation of claims by France

19th-century wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
First Barbary War
(1801–1805)Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tripoli

Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon at Derna, April 1805

 United States[2]
border=no Tripolitania[3]
Morocco Morocco[3]
US-allied victory
Tecumseh’s War
(1811)Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Northwest River Ohio

 United States Tecumseh’s Confederacy

US victory
War of 1812
(1812–1815)Location: Eastern and Central North America

General Andrew Jackson stands on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders, by painter Edward Percy Moran in 1910.

 United States
 Choctaw Nation
 Cherokee Nation
Creek Allies
 United Kingdom

Tecumseh’s Confederacy


Spain Spain (1814)

Inconclusive/Other Result
Creek War
(1813–1814)Part of the American Indian Wars and the War of 1812

Location: Southern United States

 United States
Lower Creeks
 Cherokee Nation
 Choctaw Nation
Red Stick Creek US-allied victory
Second Barbary War
(1815)Part of the Barbary Wars

Location: Mediterranean Sea and the Barbary States

Decatur’s squadron off Algiers

 United States Flag of Ottoman Algiers.svg Deylik of Algiers US victory
First Seminole War
(1817–1818)Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: PensacolaSpanish Florida

Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay

 United States Seminole

Spain Spanish Florida

US victory
Arikara War
(1823)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Missouri River

An Arikara warrior

 United StatesSioux Arikara Inconclusive/Other Result
  • White Peace treaty agreed by US Col Leavenworth[4]
Winnebago War
(1827)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory

 United States
 Choctaw Nation
Prairie La Crosse Ho-Chunks
with a few allies
US-allied victory
  • Ho-Chunks cede lead mining region to the United States
Black Hawk War
(1832)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Illinois and Michigan Territory

Native women and children fleeing the Battle of Bad Axe

 United States
Black Hawk’s British Band
Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi allies
US-allied victory
Texas Revolution
(1835–1836)Location: Texas

Fall of the Alamo

 Republic of Texas

 United States

  • Out of the Texan soldiers serving from January through March 1836, 78% had arrived from the United States after October 2, 1835.[Note 1][5]

 Mexican Republic Texan victory
  • The Republic of Texas gains its independence.
  • Texas is annexed into the United States in 1845.
Second Seminole War
(1835–1842)Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: FloridaUnited States

U.S. Marines search for Seminoles in the Everglades

 United States Seminole US victory
Mexican–American War
(1846–1848)Location: TexasNew MexicoCalifornia and Mexico

2nd Dragoons charge the enemy at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, 1846

 United States
 California Republic
 Mexico US-allied victory
Cayuse War
(1847–1855)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oregon

The Whitman Massacre.

 United States Cayuse US victory
  • Cayuse reduced in numbers and forced to cede most of their lands
Apache Wars
(1851–1900)Part of the Texas–Indian wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: Southwestern United States

U.S. Cavalry dash for cover while fighting Apaches, by F. Remington

 United States Apache
US victory
Bleeding Kansas
(1854–1861)Location: Kansas and Missouri
Anti-slavery settlers
Pro-slavery settlers (Border Ruffians) Free-Stater victory.
  • Kansas admitted as a free state on January 29, 1861.
Puget Sound War
(1855–1856)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington

 United States
US victory
Rogue River Wars
(1855–1856)Location: Rogue Valley
 United States Rogue River people US victory
  • Indians relocated to Siletz, Grand Ronde and Coast Reservations
Third Seminole War
(1855–1858)Part of the Seminole Wars and the American Indian Wars

Location: PensacolaFlorida

 United States Seminole US victory
  • By late 1850s, most Seminoles forced to leave their land; a few hundred remain deep in the Everglades on land unwanted by white settlers
Yakima War
(1855–1858)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Washington Territory

Seattleites evacuate to the town blockhouse as USS Decatur opens fire on advancing tribal forces.

 United States
Walla Walla tribe
Umatilla tribe
Nez Perce tribe
Cayuse tribe
US victory
Second Opium War
(1856–1859)Part of the Opium Wars

Location: China

Palikao’s bridge, on the evening of the battle, by Émile Bayard

United Kingdom British Empire
France French Empire
 United States
 China US victory
Utah War
(1857–1858)Part of the Mormon wars

Location: Utah Territory and Wyoming

 United States Deseret/Utah Mormons (Nauvoo Legion) Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Resolution through negotiation
  • Brigham Young replaced as governor of the territory
  • Full amnesty for charges of sedition and treason issued to the citizens of Utah Territory by President James Buchanan on the condition that they accept American Federal authority
Navajo Wars
(1858–1866)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: New Mexico

 United States Navajo Nation US victory
John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry
(1859)Part of pre-Civil War conflicts

Location: West Virginia

Harper’s Weekly illustration of U.S. Marines attacking John Brown’s “Fort” Teresa Baine

 United States Abolitionist Insurgents US victory
First and Second Cortina War
(1859–1861)Location: Texas and Mexico
United States United States

Confederate States of America Confederate States


Mexico Cortinista bandits US-allied victory
Paiute War
(1860)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Pyramid LakeNevada

 United States Paiute
US victory
American Civil War
(1861–1865)Location: Southern United StatesIndian TerritoryNortheastern United StatesWestern United StatesAtlantic Ocean

The Battle of Antietam, by Kurz & Allison.

 United States  Confederate States
 Cherokee Nation
 Choctaw Nation
 Chickasaw Nation
 Muskogee Nation
 Seminole Nation
 Comanche Nation
US victory
Yavapai Wars
(1861–1875)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona

 United States Yavapai
US victory
Dakota War of 1862
(1862)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Minnesota and Dakota

The Siege of New Ulm, Minnesota on August 19, 1862

 United States  Dakota Sioux US victory
Colorado War
(1863–1865)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: ColoradoWyoming, and Nebraska

 United States  Cheyenne
Inconclusive/Other Result
Snake War
(1864–1868)Part of the American Indian Wars

Locations: OregonNevadaCalifornia, and Idaho

 United States Paiute
US victory
Powder River War
(1865)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State

 United States  Sioux
Red Cloud’s War
(1866–1868)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Powder River State

The Fetterman Massacre

 United States
 Crow Nation
Lakota-allied victory
Comanche Campaign
(1867–1875)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Western United States

Battle of Beecher Island. One soldier and three horses have fallen, while others continue to wage the battle.

 United States  Cheyenne
US victory
Modoc War
(1872–1873)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: California and Oregon

Engraving of soldiers recovering the bodies of the slain May 3, 1873.

 United States  Modoc US victory
Red River War
(1874–1875)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas

 United States  Cheyenne
US victory
  • End to the Texas-Indian Wars
Las Cuevas War
(1875)Location: Texas and Mexico

Texan soldiers.

 United States Mexican bandits US victory
  • Cattle returned to Texas
Great Sioux War of 1876
(1876–1877)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: MontanaDakota and Wyoming

Custer’s last stand at Little Bighorn.

 United States  Lakota
 Dakota Sioux
 Northern Cheyenne
US victory
  • Legal control of Powder River Country ceded to the United States
Buffalo Hunters’ War
(1876–1877)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Texas and Oklahoma

 United States  Comanche
US victory
Nez Perce War
(1877)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: OregonIdahoWyoming, and Montana

Chief Joseph’s band in the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain

 United States Nez Perce
US victory
Bannock War
(1878)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: IdahoOregon, and Wyoming

 United States Bannock
US victory
Cheyenne War
(1878–1879)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: OklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth Dakota and Montana

Aftermath of the Battle of “The Pit.”

 United States  Cheyenne US victory
Sheepeater Indian War
(1879)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Idaho

 United States Shoshone US victory
Victorio’s War
(1879–1881)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Mexico

 United States
Apache US-allied victory
White River War
(1879–1880)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Colorado

 United States Ute US victory
Pine Ridge Campaign
(1890–1891)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: South Dakota

Mass grave for the dead Lakota after the conflict at Wounded Knee Creek.

 United States  Sioux US victory
Garza Revolution
(1891–1893)Location: Texas and Mexico

3rd Cavalry Troopers searching a suspected Revolutionist, 1892

 United States
Garzistas US-allied victory
Yaqui Wars
(1896–1918)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Arizona and Mexico

10th Cavalry soldiers holding Yaqui prisoners at their camp in Bear Valley, January 9, 1918.

 United States
Flag of the Yaqui tribe.png Yaqui
US-allied victory
Second Samoan Civil War
(1898–1899)Location: Samoa

Samoan warriors and American servicemen during the Siege of Apia in March 1899.

 United States
Inconclusive/Other Result
Spanish–American War
(1898)Location: CubaPuerto RicoPhilippines and Guam

Teddy Roosevelt and the “Rough Riders” charge Spanish positions during the Battle of San Juan Hill.

 United States
 Cuban Revolutionaries
 Filipino Revolutionaries
Spain Spain US-allied victory
Philippine–American War
(1899–1902)Location: Philippines

Kurz & Allison print of the Battle of Quingua.

 United States

 United States

 Philippine Republic

Limited Foreign Support:
 Empire of Japan

Flag of the Katagalugan Republic.svg Tagalog Republic

US victory
Moro Rebellion
(1899–1913)Location: Philippines

The 8th Infantry Regiment defeat the Moros in the four-day battle of Bagsak Mountain on Jolo Island in the Philippines.

 United States  Moro
 Remnants of the Sulu Sultanate
US victory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899–1901)Location: China

Corporal Titus, of the 14th Infantry Regiment, scaling the walls of Peking.

British Empire United Kingdom
France France
 United States
 Righteous Harmony Society (Boxers)
US-allied victory
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing

20th-century wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
Crazy Snake Rebellion
(1909)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Oklahoma

Creek prisoners of war.

 United States Creek US victory
Border War
(1910–1919)Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico–United States border

American troops of the 16th Infantry Regiment rest for the night on May 27, 1916

 United States  Mexico
US victory
Negro Rebellion
(1912)Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Cuba

USS Mississippi in Cuba

Cuba Cuba
 United States
Cuba Cuban PIC US-allied victory
  • Dissolution of the PIC
Occupation of Nicaragua
(1912–1933)Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Nicaragua

US Marines holding a captured Sandinista flag.

 United States
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaraguan Liberals
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Sandinistas
US-allied victory
  • Nicaragua occupied until 1933
Bluff War
(1914–1915)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah and Colorado

Prisoners of the Bluff War in Thompson, Utah, waiting to board a train for their trial in Salt Lake City.

 United States Ute
US victory
Occupation of Veracruz
(1914)Part of the Mexican Revolution

Location: Mexico

American ships at Veracruz

 United States  Mexico US victory
Occupation of Haiti
(1915–1934)Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Haiti

2nd Marine Regiment in Haiti

 United States
Haiti Haitian Rebels US-allied victory
Occupation of the Dominican Republic
(1916–1924)Part of the Banana Wars

Location: Dominican Republic

US Marines in the Occupation of the Dominican Republic.

 United States  Dominican Republic US victory
World War I
(1917–1918)Location: EuropeAfricaAsiaMiddle East, the Pacific Islands, and coast of North and South America

Two US troops pass by dead German soldiers on a battlefield.

 British Empire

 United States
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

 Ottoman Empire
US-allied victory
Russian Civil War
(1918–1920)Location: RussiaMongolia, and Iran

US troops march through Russia before the Battle of Romanovka.

Russia White Movement
 British Empire

 United States
France France
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
 Latvian SSR
 Ukrainian SSR
 Commune of Estonia
 Mongolian Communists
Bolshevik victory
  • Allied withdrawal from Russia
  • Bolshevik victory over White Army
Last Indian Uprising
(1923)Part of the American Indian Wars

Location: Utah

Ute and Paiute prisoners of war.

 United States Ute
US victory
World War II
(1941–1945)Location: EuropePacific OceanAtlantic OceanSoutheast AsiaEast AsiaMiddle EastMediterraneanNorth AfricaOceaniaNorth and South America

U.S. Army Soldiers advancing at dawn in the cover of a M4 Sherman tank, during the Battle of Bougainville, 1944.

 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 South Africa
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA
US-allied victory
Operation Beleaguer
(1945-1949)Location: Hopeh and Shantung ProvincesChina

Marines in Tsingtao during Operation Beleaguer.

 United States China Communist Party of China US Victory
  • Occupation of Hopeh and Shantung provinces
  • Japanese and Koreans repatriated
  • American and other foreign nationals evacuated
Korean War
(1950–1953)Part of the Cold War

Location: Korea

American soldiers in the Korean War with the Browning M1919A6 LMG.

 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 North Korea
 Soviet Union
Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Korean Armistice Agreement
  • North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
  • Subsequent United Nations invasion of North Korea repelled
  • Subsequent Chinese-North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
Lebanon Crisis
(1958)Location: Lebanon

US Marine sits in a foxhole and points his machine gun toward Beirut.

 United States
Lebanon Lebanese Opposition: US-allied victory
Vietnam War
(1955–1964[a], 1965–1973[b], 1974–1975[c])Part of the Cold War and Indochina Wars

Location: VietnamCambodia, and Laos

1st Cavalry Division, Battle of Ia Drang, 1965.

 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 New Zealand
Cambodia Khmer Republic
 North Vietnam
 Viet Cong
Laos Pathet Lao
 Khmer Rouge
 Soviet Union
 North Korea
North Vietnamese-allied victory
Korean DMZ Conflict
(1966–1969)Part of the Korean conflict and the Cold War

Location: Korean Demilitarized Zone

ROK and US troop stationed at the DMZ, 1967.

 South Korea
 United States
 North Korea US-allied victory
  • North Korean failure to launch an insurgency in South Korea
Dominican Civil War
(1965–1966)Location: Dominican Republic

US soldiers push a child underneath a Jeep to protect him during a firefight in Santo Domingo on May 5, 1965.

 Dominican Loyalists
 United States
 Dominican Constitutionalists US-allied victory
Multinational Intervention in Lebanon
(1982–1984)Location: Lebanon

US Marines on patrol in Beirut, April 1983

 Lebanese Armed Forces

Multinational Force in Lebanon:

 Lebanese Front
 Army of Free Lebanon

 Lebanese National Movement

 Amal Movement


Islamic Jihad Organization

 Islamic Unification Movement


 Arab Deterrent Force

Syrian-Allied Victory
Invasion of Grenada
(1983)Part of the Cold War

Location: Grenada

American soldiers in mortar positions in Grenada.

 United States
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Grenada PRG of Grenada
Military advisors:

US-allied victory
  • Military dictatorship of Hudson Austin deposed
  • Defeat of Cuban military presence
  • Restoration of constitutional government
Invasion of Panama
(1989–1990)Location: Panama

U.S. troops prepare to take a neighborhood in Panama City, December 1989.

 United States
 Panamanian Opposition
 Panama US-allied victory
Gulf War
(1990–1991)Location: IraqKuwaitSaudi Arabia, and Israel

M1 Abrams tanks of the 3rd Armored Division advance on Medina Ridge.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
 Iraq US-allied victory
Iraqi No-Fly Zone Enforcement Operations
(1991–2003)Location: Iraq

Tomahawk cruise missile is fired from an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer during Operation Desert Fox in December 1998.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 Iraq US-allied victory
  • Periodic depletion of Iraqi air defenses
First U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)Part of the Somali civil war (1991–present)

Location: Somalia

US Marines on patrol in Somalia.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 New Zealand
Somalia Somali National Alliance Inconclusive/Other Result
  • Failure to capture SNA leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid; specific Aidid lieutenants captured
  • Withdrawal of U.S. forces 5 months after losses in the Battle of Mogadishu
  • The UN mandate saved close to 100,000 lives, before and after U.S. withdrawal
  • Civil war is ongoing
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Russian and American troops on a joint patrol around the Bosnian town of Zvornik on the afternoon of February 29, 1996.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Herzeg-Bosnia

 United States
 United Kingdom

 Republika Srpska
 Serbian Krajina
 Western Bosnia
US-allied victory
Intervention in Haiti
(1994–1995)Location: Haiti

US troops arrive in Haiti.

 United States
 Haiti US-allied victory
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)Part of the Yugoslav Wars

Location: Serbia

Bombing of Novi Sad.

Albania AFRK
 United States
 Czech Republic
 United Kingdom
 FR Yugoslavia US-allied victory[10][11][12][13]
  • Ceasefire reached through Kumanovo Agreement of June 1999. after Russian and Finnish envoys visit Belgrade
  • Yugoslav forces pull out of Kosovo
  • UN Resolution 1244 confirming Kosovo as de jure part of FRY
  • De facto separation of Kosovo from FR Yugoslavia under UN administration
  • Return of Albanian refugees after attempted ethnic cleansing of Albanians
  • KLA veterans join the UÇPMB, starting the Preševo insurgency
  • Around 200,000 Serbs, Romani, and other non-Albanians fleeing Kosovo and many of the remaining civilians becoming victims of abuse
  • Three Chinese journalists were killed in United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
  1. ^ Advisory role from the forming of the MAAG in Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  2. ^ Direct U.S. involvement ended in 1973 with the Paris Peace Accords. The Paris Peace Accords of January 1973 saw all U.S forces withdrawn; the Case–Church Amendment, passed by the U.S Congress on 15 August 1973, officially ended direct U.S military involvement .
  3. ^ The war reignited on December 13, 1974 with offensive operations by North Vietnam, leading to victory over South Vietnam in under two months.

21st-century wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result for the United States and its Allies
War in Afghanistan
(2001–present)Part of the War on Terror and the War in Afghanistan (1978–present)

Location: Afghanistan

American and British soldiers take a tactical pause during a combat patrol in the Sangin District area of Helmand Province.

 Resolute Support Mission
 United States
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 Czech Republic


Afghanistan Taliban

Allied groups
 Islamic Jihad Union[14]

Taliban splinter groups

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant IS-Affiliates:

2001 Invasion:
Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Iraq War
(2003–2011)Part of the War on Terror

Location: Iraq

Soldiers from 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment conduct security before a cordon and search operation in Biaj, Iraq with their M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 South Korea
 Ba’ath Loyalists

 Islamic State of Iraq
 al-Qaeda in Iraq
 Mahdi Army
 Special Groups
 Ansar al-Sunnah

2003 Invasion:
Iraq Iraq

Inconclusive/other result[15]
Second U.S. Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(2007–2021)Part of the Somali Civil War (1991–present) and the War on Terror

Location: Somalia and Northeastern Kenya

MQ-9 Reaper commonly used in covert drone strikes in Somalia.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 United Nations

 European Union[26]

Hizbul Islam

Alleged support:

Inconclusive/Other Result
Operation Ocean Shield
(2009–2016)Part of the War on Terror

Location: Indian Ocean

A tall plume of black smoke rises from a destroyed pirate vessel that was struck by USS Farragut in March 2010.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 South Korea
Somali pirates US-allied victory
  • Number of pirate attacks dramatically decreased
  • The US Office of Naval Intelligence have officially reported that in 2013, only 9 incidents of piracy were reported and that none of them were successfully hijacked[citation needed]
  • Piracy drops 90%[27]
International intervention in Libya
(2011)Part of the Libyan Crisis and the First Libyan Civil War

Location: Libya

US vessels launch missiles in support of the First Libyan Civil War.

 United States
 United Kingdom
 United Arab Emirates

 Anti-Gaddafi rebels

 Libya US-allied victory
Operation Observant Compass
(2011–2017)Part of the War on Terror

Location: Uganda

U.S. Marine Sgt. Joseph Bergeron, a task force combat engineer, explains combat marksmanship tactics to a group of Ugandan soldiers.

 United States
 DR Congo
 Central African Republic
 South Sudan
 Lord’s Resistance Army Ongoing
  • Founder and leader of the LRA Joseph Kony goes into hiding
  • Senior LRA commander Dominic Ongwen surrenders to American forces in the Central African Republic and is tried at the Hague[7][8]
  • Majority of LRA installations and encampments located in South Sudan and Uganda abandoned and dismantled
  • Small scale LRA activity continues in eastern DR Congo, and the Central African Republic
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2014–present)Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Iraqi Civil War, the Spillover of the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Iraq

General Stephen J. Townsend observes a HIMARS strike that destroyed a building near Haditha, September 2016

 United States
 Iraqi Kurdistan
 New Zealand
 United Kingdom


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Ongoing
  • Tens of thousands of ISIL fighters killed
  • American-led forces launch over 13,300 airstrikes on ISIL positions in Iraq
  • Heavy damage dealt to ISIL forces, ISIL loses 40% of its territory in Iraq by January 2016, and all of its territory in Iraq in December 2017
  • Multinational humanitarian and arming of ground forces efforts
  • 200 ISIL created mass graves found containing up to 12,000 people[29]
  • Ongoing US-led Coalition advising and training of Iraqi and Kurdish ground forces
  • US maintains limited military presence in Iraq
American-led intervention in Syria
(2014–present)Part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the Syrian Civil War, the War on Terror and the International ISIS campaign

Location: Syria

United States United States

 Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria

 CJTF-OIR Members:
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates


 Israel (limited involvement; against Hezbollah and government forces only)

Syrian opposition Free Syrian Army (2011–2017)

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and Syria

 al-Qaeda linked groups:

 Syria (limited encounters with US and Israel)
Supported by:
Syria-allied victory
American intervention in Libya
(2015–2020)Part of the Second Libyan Civil War, the War on Terror, and the International ISIS Campaign

Location: Libya

USS Wasp conducts flight operations in Operation Odyssey Lightning.

 United States
 Islamic State in Libya US-allied Victory
  • Liberation of Sirte
  • Hundreds of airstrikes carried out in Libya against Islamic State affiliated militant groups

See also[edit]