03:56second year and I don’t think we excitethat love of learning to make themalways come back to become historymajors now that’s interesting you’relooking in the mirror for part of theexplanation here so what are you eitherdoing or not doing that you think iscontributing to this fall off yeah Imean I think what Chris was talkingabout you know we’re losing theeducation pathway we’re losing the lawpathway that’s fine but I look at artsand say we’re losing majors more thanother arts disciplines why is that wellI think part of it is that we sometimeswe try to sell histhey come into our clusters and we tryto say come here for critical thinkingcome here for writing skills come herefor your communication skills and that’sfine but that doesn’t really get to thecore of what makes history special andthe core is to me the core is anunderstanding of ambiguity andunderstanding of context the ability totake scattered isolated data pointsfound in an archive or a library hereand weave it together into a reallycompelling story that fires up studentsfires up audiences what do you when youlook in the mirror what whatresponsibilities do you think the wayyou teach and your professors teachright there’s two elements to theirsthey’re the objective conditions we cansay and I’m speaking now like a storyand I guess the financial crisisgenerally the the mood of especiallyNorth America of focus on identitypolitics etc and then there are thesubjective elements of what shouldadministration’s history departments oreven individual faculty members – Ithink that this this crisis or minicrisis could be a blessing in disguisebecause it could shake us a bit and makeus really consider how we’ve beendealing with teaching history andattracting students there’s a number ofthings I think that we can do we can Imean I hate to use this word but in thecommercial mindset that we’re all in wecan mark it history a little bit betterwe don’t know the exact figures here inCanada the Canadian HistoricalAssociation hasn’t done a good study onreally how well do history mate how welldo is how well do history majors do inthe in the market after they graduateand they actually do very well very wellexceptionally well in fact they evencompete with some of these sciencemajors in terms of getting jobs there’sa rather low unemployment among historymajors they tend to earn good payingjobs and it’s an excellent criticalthinking yesterday in fact the AmericanHistorical Association has documentedthat there’s a large number of employersof stem majorswho lament the fact that they wish theirtheir employees knew a bit more abouthistory about liberal arts etc I meanthat’s that’s one thing we can marketourselves a bit better the other thing Ithink is that we really need to takeanother look at the way we teach andthat is also rather complex well let’sget into that here chris is theresomething about the way you and yourcolleagues stand at the front of a classand teach 18 19 year old young peoplethat’s not resonating today in a way itmight have 25 or 30 years ago so maybe Imean I I’m 46 so I don’t know really anymore but I think that you know thisacademic specialization is a problemright we specialized we company butespecially that specialization happenseverywhere in every field I think whatmatters in history is that when wespecialize we tend to assume thatstudents are going to are going to beinterested in the particular niches thatwe’re interested in and you know thatthe essence of history is what happenedwhen did it happen and we all want totalk about the why and get aget argueabout it you know but students coming inat 17 18 years old they don’t have thewhat and win and we just have to focuson what happened when did it happen andhave some confidence that the historywe’re gonna teach it matters and theyneed to know this I want to follow up onthat Ian how difficult is it to engageyoung people in history in the
<iframe width=”560″ height=”315″ src=”https://www.youtube.com/embed/AU79zwAvKa0″ frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” allowfullscreen></iframe>69:40necessarily know about so Wikipedia is69:45still primarily created by Western young69:49male contributors they tell the story of69:55you know the worst knowledge from an69:58extremely limited and privileged69:59standpoint there are ridiculous gaps in70:04this knowledge and then skews what a my70:07favorite example is that there are70:1020,000 articles on French Wikipedia70:13about individual asteroids but a70:15language like Hausa that is spoken by 3070:18million people in Central Africa doesn’t70:20have an entry on the universe so if you70:23think that the the sum of all knowledge70:26representing Wikipedia and you look at70:28where it comes from and who created it70:30it’s ridiculously skewed and slanted70:33towards the demographic of the70:35contributors the problem with that is70:37not just with Wikipedia Wikipedia not70:40many people they know but the contents70:43get translated into our70:45d/f via a project like dbpedia they’re70:49then propagated to the rest of the70:51internet and basically every single70:53linked data system they used today what70:57is like a search engine for music or70:59biomedical information gets its entities71:02gets is like a fundamental relations71:04from Wikipedia so biasing by us out the71:10fact that is a small population of71:12contributors that are creating data and71:16information that powers the entire71:18ecosystem that AI relies upon I think71:21the fundamental problem that we all71:22should be worried about I’ve been veryencouraged by watching some of thestudies of how people use the web peopleare very particular and very peculiarnobody wakes up in the morning sayinghey I want to live a biased life or heyI really want to go to the biased andunfair news channel what I think we’remissing out there are tools for contextand citation we’ve made it hard forpeople to actually know what the hellthey’re looking at that we’ve made it sothat it’s really difficult to go andunderstand is this some babble that justhas been bouncing around for a long timeand long discredited or is this umsomething that actually is real and Ihave trusted sources behind itso I’m encouraged by people want to haveaccess to this stuff the InternetArchive gets three four or five millionpeople a day coming and using its72:24service as best we can tell it’s about72:26the three hundredth most popular is is72:29about the first the fifth most popular72:31okay I’m a little envious um but it does72:34indicate that there’s a lot of interest72:37in finding deeper information than it’s72:41casually available so people want it72:44that’s the good news72:46now we need to build some of the tools I72:48would suggest for citation for context72:51and embed it and that’s what this whole72:53conference is about I’m really glad to72:55be here72:57sorry one last note on context I think72:59you’ve gotten to the heart of a really73:01really big problem which we missed out73:02on the entire problem of knowledge73:05production is about context not just73:07merely switching from one platform to73:09another but you know to take a perhaps a73:12banal example at a researcher who read a73:17paper of a lab that performed a set of73:21experimental conditions that requires a73:24context change for if you are working on73:27a different organism if even if you’re73:29trying to validate and reproduce those73:30results that is a context change which73:32requires translations so big new big73:35problem we should definitely work on73:37this I think with that we will wrap it73:41up and just want to say thanks to the73:43panelists and for coming up here and73:45sharing73:47[Applause]
Blue Note captured the refined sophistication of jazz during the early 60s, giving it its signature look in the process.yeah that is dynamite. One of the thingsthat amazed me was what I call thepullback effect. Take Hank Mobley’s noroom for squares. There was a new subwaystation that was built. It was unlike anyother subway stop. It had these metalconcentric circles. Now try to find thefinal album cover there. It is thepullback shows you the whole image andit gives you an insight into the eye ofthe designer that I think is absolutelyamazing
Franco was an unauthorized immigrant who had been working in this country for over a decade. His wife, Anne, is from a Pennsylvania Dutch family that has been in this country for generations. They were married in 2013 and have three American children, Max, Javier and Valentina.
In the spring of 2017, Franco got in a minor traffic accident near his Pennsylvania home. A few weeks later as he was leaving for work, agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement swarmed him, took him away and deported him to Guatemala.
.. This is an example of ICE going after a perfectly productive member of society. I got the anecdote from a series of reports that Deborah Sontag and Dale Russakoff did for ProPublica and The Philadelphia Inquirer. They found that 64 percent of the immigrants arrested by ICE in the agency’s Philadelphia region had no prior criminal conviction.
.. There are 11 million unauthorized immigrants in this country. Every past administration has used some discretion in targeting whom to deport. They targeted those who were destroying society, not building it. They tried to take account of particular contexts, and they tried to show some sense of basic humanity.
.. today, discretion and humanity are being stamped out. The Trump administration has embraced a “zero tolerance” policy. In practice that means that all complexity has to be reduced to uniformity. Compassion is replaced by a blind obedience to regulations. Context is irrelevant. Arrests are indiscriminate. All that matters is that the arrest numbers go up, so human beings in the system are reduced to numbers.
.. The Trump administration immigration officials have become exactly the kind of monsters that conservatism has always warned against.
For centuries, conservatives have repeated a specific critique against state power. Statism, conservatives have argued, has a tendency to become brutalist and inhumane because a bureaucracy can’t see or account for the complexity of reality.
.. Statist social engineering projects cause horrific suffering because in the mind of statists, the abstract rule is more important than the human being in front of them. The person must be crushed for the sake of the abstraction... People like Stephen Miller are not steeped in conservative thinking and do not operate with a conservative disposition. They were formed by their rebellion against the stifling conformity they found at liberal universities. Their primary orientation is not to conservative governance but to owning the libs. In power they take the worst excesses of statism and flip them for anti-liberal ends.. Here’s how you can detect the anti-liberal trolls in the immigration debate: Watch how they use the word “amnesty.”.. Any serious reform has to grapple with tangled realities, and any real conservative has an appreciation for that complexity. But if you try to account for that complexity before an anti-immigration troll, he or she will shout one word: Amnesty!.. This is what George Orwell noticed about the authoritarian brutalists: They don’t use words to illuminate the complexity of reality; they use words to eradicate the complexity of reality... Look at how the Republican candidates for the G.O.P. Senate nomination in Arizona answered questions about a provision to keep families together at the border. They responded with inhumane abstractions: “I try not to get swayed by what the emotions are or the pressure.. “Compromising on the rule of law to grant amnesty to millions of illegal immigrants is the wrong path to take,”.. “Amnesty” has become a club the trolls use in their attempt to stamp a rigid steel boot on the neck of the immigration debate. It’s the sign of a party slowly losing its humanity.