He described first landfall on Cuban shores, October 27, 1492:
“They are well-built, with good bodies and handsome features. They are the finest people on Earth, lacking any knowledge of evil. They neither murder nor steal [and] display the most singular loving behavior…always gentle and always laughing.
“They are ingenious and free with all they have; of anything they possess, if it be asked of them, they never say no. They are a very loving people and without covetousness. They are adaptable for every purpose, and I declare to your Highnesses that there is no better country or better people in the world than these.
“They do not bear arms and do not know them. They would make fine slaves. With fifty [armed] men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we will.”
.. Arguing the justice of the Spanish cause was court philosopher and theologian Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda. He had made a name for himself by promoting an axiom popular in the Spain of his day. “Just as Joshua was commanded by God to destroy the Canaanites for their idolatry,” he argued, “so too is it now God’s will that Spain destroy the Indians for theirs.” Cuba’s Taíno Indians, according to Ginés de Sepúlveda, were:
Reynolds believes that the British were ‘distinctive in their experience both of the war and of its postwar impact’. For Britain, alone among the belligerents, was fighting for principle. It had not been attacked and was not seeking more territory. But perhaps he underestimates the acute sense of danger that so many in Britain felt in the face of the possible occupation of the Channel ports by a hostile power. Britain was fighting not just for moral principle, but for deep-seated reasons of national self-interest.
.. In Germany attitudes were quite different from those in Britain. The defeat of 1918 was so sudden and unexpected that it was easy for the army leadership to claim that it had been stabbed in the back by Marxists and Jews. The sentiment ‘Never Again’, so powerful in Britain, found little echo in Germany. Indeed, many on the Right looked back with nostalgia to the wartime experience of comradeship and, like the Italian Fascists, hoped for a return match to secure the gains of which they had been cheated in 1918. The only mistake they had made, they believed, was to have been insufficiently ruthless. That was not a mistake they were going to make again. It is hardly surprising if the liberal-minded men who ran Britain between the wars – MacDonald, Baldwin, Chamberlain – failed to comprehend such a mindset.
Alix Christie’s debut novel puts a human face on the invention of the printing press and brings to the fore a little known actor in the creation of Johannes Gutenberg’s Bible
The Great Depression was the hangover of WWI. There was a fake boom in the 1920s. (36 min).